Role of Intelligent Transport System
An intelligent transportation system is a way of analyzing, sensing, communications and controlling technologies to ground transportation with an aim to improve mobility, safety, as well as efficiency. ITS comprises a wide array of applications that process and share data to ease out the congestion, makes traffic management easier, decreases the environmental impact, and increase the advantage of transportation to commercial users and the public.
Why Intelligent Transportation System is important?
The following points will explain to you the importance of an intelligent transportation system:
● Making the road transportation system safer, secure, and efficient with the use of communications, information, and control technologies
● Increased rates of accidents and low speed
● Improper road development
● Minimize the increasing congestion which takes more time in the journey
● Reduces the adverse environmental impacts of transport
Benefits of Intelligent Transportation System
● Improves the travel time
● Incident management
● Capacity management
● Speed control and management
● Reduction in delays and stops at intersections
How Does Intelligent Transportation System Works?
There are lots of information and communication technologies that enable the development of intelligent transportation systems. For instance, CD-ROM, fiber optics, GPS laser, display technologies, digital map databases, and laser sensors. Enabling technologies can be categorized into different classes such as:
The information which are gathered at the data management center needed to be processed, verified, and consolidated into a format that is helpful for the operators. The entire process is done by using the data fusion process. Furthermore, Automatic Incident Detection (AID) can be employed to process data. On the vehicle side, the global positioning system (GPS) can be employed to process data.
Intelligent Transport System helps in monitoring traffics by using different means like traffic sensor, and inductive loop detectors. Ultrasonic and radar sensors, video image detectors (VIDs), and visual pictures from closed-circuit television (CCTV) are examples of traffic sensors that give live visuals to assist traffic center operators in monitoring challenging traffic situations and making appropriate judgments.
There are various ways through which you can convey your messages such as wireless or wireline, electronic toll collection, fiber optics, parking management, commercial vehicle operations, in-vehicle traveler, and beacon-based route guidance systems.
In order to increase transportation efficiency, safety, and environmental quality, traffic and other relevant information can be delivered in a variety of methods. Phones, radios, televisions, desktop computers, fax machines, variable message signs (VMS), car radios, cellular phones, laptop computers, and hand-held digital gadgets are just a few examples.
At the traffic management center, ramp metering is used to control the flow of vehicles merging onto an expressway, and traffic control within big urban areas is coordinated. In addition to dynamic route guidance, which allows the user to make strategic decisions on a minute-by-minute basis, and adaptive cruise control, which allows the driver to reduce vehicle speed automatically in order to maintain a safe distance from the car ahead of them.
Intelligent transportation system planning, definition, and integration framework. It cuts down on the time and money needed to adapt technologies to local demands. It aids in the identification of agencies and jurisdictions, as well as their participation.
With the rapid expansion of urbanization, the number of automobiles on the road is also increasing. In turn, the combination of both places immense pressure on cities to maintain a better traffic system so that the city can continue to move without interruption. The only solution is to use an Intelligent Transport System for this purpose. ITS is a win-win situation for both citizens and municipal administration, since it offers citizens with safety and comfort while making maintenance and surveillance easier for city officials.